Monday, 17 March 2014 15:55

Electoral Observation

Published in Elections Fact Sheets

Baghdad, 5 November 2013 – The Special Representative of the United Nations Secretary-General for Iraq (SRSG) Mr. Nickolay Mladenov congratulated the Council of Representatives for passing the national election law yesterday. 

Baghdad, 29 September 2013 – The Special Representative of the United Nations Secretary-General for Iraq (SRSG), Mr. Nickolay Mladenov, today met with the Parliament Speaker, Mr. Usama Al-Nujeifi, as well as with heads of several political blocs at the Council of Representatives. كوردى

Social media, young people and transparency of electoral processes were on the agenda of a workshop organized from 23-25 September in Erbil by the Iraq election commission with the support of the UN electoral assistance team.

Published in Web Stories

Erbil, 21 September 2013 - The Deputy Special Representative of the United Nations Secretary-General for Iraq (DSRSG), Mr. Gyorgy Busztin, welcomes the smooth conduct of the Parliamentary Elections in the Kurdistan Region of Iraq.

Baghdad, 14 September 2013 –  The Deputy Special Representative of the United Nations Secretary-General for Iraq (DSRSG), Mr. Gyorgy Busztin, calls on all political entities to fully cooperate with the Independent High Electoral Commission (IHEC) for the upcoming Kurdistan Governorate Council Elections scheduled for 21 November, and urges them to submit their lists of candidates before tomorrow's deadline.

Baghdad, 20 June 2013 – The Special Representative of the United Nations Secretary-General for Iraq (SRSG), Mr. Martin Kobler, congratulated the men and women of Anbar and Ninewa governorates on casting their votes in local elections today.

Wednesday, 12 June 2013 13:24

Electoral Assistance

UN Electoral Support

Pursuant to UN Security Council Resolution 2576 (2021), UNAMI is mandated to provide a strengthened, robust and visible UN team, with additional staff, in advance of Iraq’s forthcoming election, to monitor Iraq’s election day with as broad a geographic coverage as possible. The Security Council also tasked UNAMI to support, as appropriate, third party observers invited by the Government of Iraq and to launch a UN strategic messaging campaign to educate, inform, and update Iraqi voters on election preparations, and UN activities in support of elections. These are further to UNAMI’s continuing provision of advice, support and technical assistance to Iraq in the planning, preparation and conduct of an Iraqi-led and Iraqi-owned elections and referenda.

UNAMI’s Office of Electoral Assistance (OEA), established in 2004, coordinates all electoral support delivered by UNAMI and all UN entities in Iraq in one integrated electoral assistance team. In coordination with UNDP, UNAMI is currently implementing an electoral assistance project aimed at building electoral capacities and providing technical support to the preparations for the forthcoming Council of Representatives elections. Also, in coordination with UNOPS, preparations are ongoing for the phased deployment of additional UN experts to monitor the election and support the implementation of the strategic UN messaging campaign.

UNAMI OEA provides strategic and technical advice to those Iraqi institutions involved in electoral events, primarily the IHEC, the Council of Representatives, and the various governmental entities. It also seeks to promote close and productive engagement with electoral stakeholders, the media and civil society to facilitate inclusive, sustainable and credible electoral processes.

UNAMI also prepares and publishes a monthly report on Iraq’s ongoing electoral preparations and processes. Please click here to access UNAMI’s monthly report on Iraq’s elections.

The Independent High Electoral Commission (IHEC)

IHEC is a constitutional body mandated to oversee, organize and conduct elections and referenda in Iraq. It was established in 2007 replacing its precursor the Independent Electoral Commission of Iraq (IECI), which in turn was set up as an election body in May 2004.

In line with efforts to pursue electoral reforms, Iraq enacted a new IHEC Law on 5 December 2019. The new law, IHEC Law No. 31 of 2019, significantly overhauled the IHEC’s structure and functions. It provided for the appointment of nine (9) new commissioners, all of whom are first class judges, chosen by lottery based on nomination by the High Judicial Council (5 members), State Shura Council (2 members) and the Kurdistan High Judicial Council (2 members). The law also mandated the appointment of new officials for senior and mid-level positions in the restructured IHEC.

The current nine (9) commissioners drawn from the Judiciary (including one woman) took office on 13 January 2020. The Board of Commissioners (BoC) serves for a non-renewable period of four years, starting from the date of the issuance of the Presidential Decree on their appointment. The BoC elects its Chairman, the Chief Electoral Officer (CEO), Rapporteur and Deputy Chair. The CEO is elected for a period of one year and is responsible for implementing the policies as head of the electoral administration.

Click here to see the list of members of the IHEC BOC.

IHEC has its headquarters in Baghdad, with a regional office in Kurdistan (Erbil) and electoral offices in the 18 governorates (there are 19 IHEC governorate electoral offices (GEOs) overall, since Baghdad governorate has two - Rasafa and Karkh). The Commission has around 4,000 permanent civil servants across its offices, plus additional staff hired on a temporary basis during elections.

Click here to see the map of Iraqi governorates where the GEOs are located.

The COR has oversight responsibility for the IHEC BOC, which is governed by the Iraqi Constitution and the IHEC Law 31 (2019). The staff members of the IHEC work in accordance with the civil service code.

The 10 October 2021 Council of Representatives Elections

Iraq is scheduled to hold its Council of Representatives (CoR) elections on 10 October 2021. The election is governed by the Elections Law No. 9 of 2020.The CoR is comprised of 329 seats, 320 are distributed among the governorates within 83 constituencies delimited under the new electoral system while 9 are reserved as component seats for Christians (5 seats), Yezidis (1 seat), Sabean Mandean (1 seat); Shabak (1 seat) and Fayli Kurds (1 Seat).

The Electoral System in Iraq is Single Non-Transferable Vote (SNTV), is a plurality electoral system based on multi-seat electoral constituencies; each voter casts one vote for one candidate but there is more than one seat to be filled in each electoral constituency. The candidates with the most votes win the available seats per constituency.

The Constitution includes provisions safeguarding the seats allocated for female candidates which is 25% as a minimum of the total seats of the Council of Representatives. Within the current electoral system under the 83 constituencies, 1 seat in every constituency is allocated for female candidates, notwithstanding that if more female candidates garnered votes sufficient to win outright, the number of female MPs would increase above the minimum set by the Constitution.

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